Baccy Pipes


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History Of The Night Riders & Black Patch Tobacco Wars (1904 -1911)

Through a link of old issues of US Tobacco Journal ( https://books.google.com/books?id=1IBBAQAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false ) given by Andrew Stangl last night on rebornpipes.com  I ran upon this bit of tobacco history I was unfamiliar with.

Other than being interested in pipes and tobacco I am also a history buff. Being born and raised in Appalachia I have always been proud of our history and culture. My grandfather was involved in the West Virginia Coal Wars ( 1912-1921). The Black Patch Wars has a little bit of it all in it. Appalachia history, tobacco and the making of Dark Fired Kentucky, which is one of my favorite type of tobaccos to smoke.

The Black Patch Tobacco Wars was a period of violence in the dark tobacco region of the U.S.states of Kentucky and Tennessee  at the turn of the 20th century circa 1904-1909 ( dates vary on where you look but it spans mostly from 1904-1911).

The so-called “Black Patch” consists of about 30 counties in southwestern Kentucky and northwestern Tennessee; during that period this area was the leading worldwide supplier of Dark Fired Tobacco. Dark Fired Tobacco is so named due to the wood smoke and fire curing process which it undergoes after harvest. This type of tobacco is used primarily in snuff, chewing and pipe tobacco.

I will include a You Tube video explaining  most of the Black Patch Wars by local historian Rick Gregory towards the bottom of the post for those who wish to listen about The Black Patch instead of reading.

War in the Black Patch  1906 – 1911

NIGHT RIDERS

During the period between 1900 and 1906 trouble began to brew among the tobacco men of the state, especially in the Black Patch area around Hopkinsville. the buyers had formed a trust and were controlling the market. They were getting tobacco at ridiculously low prices and the farmers were unable to make a living.

On September 24, 1904, Felix Ewing , Joel and Charles Fort addressed a gathering of 1,000 farmers in Guthrie and formed an organization to fight the trust. They secured a charter and called themselves “The Planters Protective Association”. Within a few days they had enlisted more than 5,000 new members. The primary objective of the Association was for the farmers to obtain better prices for their crops by pooling them and fixing their own prices.

A great many farmers refused to join the Association and they were paid higher prices by the Trust in an attempt to break up the Association. There was a great deal of friction between these two groups of farmers.

“Night riding” began almost at once in an attempt to force the outsiders (or Hillbillies, as they were called) into the Association. Independent farmers were threatened by anonymous letters, barns were burned and plant beds were scraped. Bundles of matches or switches were sent to persons who talked against the Association and later some of these outsiders were burned out or whipped. This activity frightened nearly 10,000 men into joining the

Association.

The Night Riders would attack individual farms and their crop if the farmers did not support the Association. They eventually occupied whole towns and would destroy the Trust warehouses and machinery in the towns. Not only did they destroy the warehouses, they also attacked individuals who supported the Trust. The Night Riders were known to be the most efficient association. In 1908 the association exerted the most control, having gained nearly complete control of the Dark Lead tobacco crop. The Night Riders achieved their success through violence and illegal, vigilante actions. In order to protect themselves from the government, the Night Riders took membership into the governmental elite of the affected Dark Patch regions. By gaining office they took control of the courts and officers of the counties and judicial districts. Attorneys for some victims began to move plaintiffs out of Kentucky to establish residency and qualify for suit in the federal courts. This broke the power of the Night Riders in local courts and brought them under the judicial process.

Dr. David A. Amoss
1857 – 1915
Alleged Leader of The Night Riders
Attended Major Ferrell’s School
1875-1876
Resident of Cobb, Caldwell County, Kentucky

 

 

 

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POSTER ADVERTISING OPEN MARKET in Hopkinsville, circa 1910. Posters of this type were used by the Planters Protective Association in opposition to the Night Rider movement.

 

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Two disguised Night Riders in Trenton, Tennessee, 1908.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tales of the Black Patch were big news in their time, and major media across the world told embellished stories of it. It even became a source of entertainment, although much of it made the Night Riders out to be hillbillies or Klansmen, of which they were neither.

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Wikipedia also has great information on the Black Patch Tobacco Wars
One interesting thing I found interesting on the Wiki page was the information on a man named Jasper Newton Wilburn who helped but a end to the Night Rider raids. The reason I find him interesting is we have the same last name. As far as I know we are not related , but then again maybe we are? I plan on doing some more digging on him and see if I can find out.
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In April 1908 a Kentucky National Guard detachment commanded by Captain Newton Jasper Wilburn (then a lieutenant) led a series of raids against the Night Riders’ leaders. Wilburn arrested several Night Rider leaders, and provided protection to several key informers. He gained the help of former Night Riders, including Macon Champion, who implicated fifteen other local farmers. The arrests broke the power of the Night Riders and effectively ended the Black Patch War. Lieutenant Wilburn was rewarded with a promotion to captain. Even though most eventually escaped justice, Capt. Wilburn’s actions helped bring law and order to the region.

Aftermath

By the summer of 1910, the Night Rider trouble had come to an end except for a few scattered minor episodes. The tobacco growers were receiving higher prices for their crops, and the U.S. Supreme Court rules that ATC was indeed a monopoly and must be dismantled.

As a result of his efficiency in handling the difficult situation arising from the Tobacco War, Gov. Augustus F. Wilson commissioned Major Bassett a Lt. Colonel in the Kentucky Militia. Col. Bassett was called on several times to protect witnesses during the trials of the Night Riders.

John C. Latham did not rebuild his warehouse but gave the site to the city of Hopkinsville to be used as a park. It was named Peace Park.

Many of the Night Riders escaped prosecution while others were sued in civil courts.

Dr. Amoss faced trial in the Christian County Court and in March 1911 was acquitted of all charges. He then accompanied his son, also a physician, to New York City, where he practiced until his death in 1915.

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 Here is the You Tube video of local Historian Rick Gregory talking about the Black Patch Wars.
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 Here is some other recommended links I have found on the Black Patch Wars,
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There is also a highly reviewed book on the subject matter called “On Bended Knees : The Knight Rider Story”  by Bill Cunningham I plan to try and pick up at a used book store,Amazon or EBAY.
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 Well i hope you found this bit of tobacco history as interesting as I have.
Until Next Time,
Good Smokes To You.

 


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NOS Heritage Antique #72 Canadian

I was able to find this NOS ( New Old Stock)  Heritage Antique #72 Canadian just recently.
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This is a pipe that has been on my bucket list for a while. After picking up my Heritage Heirloom 02 poker ( the pipe I use on the Baccy Pipes header ) exactly two years ago this month I started looking for a nice Heritage Antique to go with it. A #72 ( Kaywoodie shape) Canadian was my first choice. Luckily I was able to find this one for a very reasonable price. I would have paid more than double the price or most likely pass on it if it was on EBAY ,ETSY or a big name pipe shop.

Here is a brief history of Heritage pipes in case you are unfamiliar with them.

In May of 1960, S. M. Frank started a subsidiary company called Heritage Pipes. The Heritage pipes were an upscale line of push bit pipes meant to compliment the Kaywoodie line. Although not hugely successful, Heritage produced some fine pipes that are still in the collections of many pipe smokers. This company was dissolved on December 31, 1971.These pipes were Kaywoodie’s high end line and were made in the 1960’s and ended production in 1970. The Heritage Heirloom line was run by Stephen Ogdon who came from Dunhill. Only about 1 in 300 pieces of briar was good enough to use in the Heritage Heirloom line, and only top of the line Para rubber was used for the stems.

Heritage Heirlooms were the smooth version ( like the poker in the header) and the sandblast are called Heritage Antique.The Heritage pipes are not that common and quite collectible. Made in limited numbers and only a 10 year span. They are often referred to as American Dunhill’s.

I found this ad showing a Antique billiard from a 1964 Flying Magazine issue.HH ad 1964 (2) (248x468).jpg

The pipe arrived and I was pleasantly surprised at how short it was for a Canadian. Although the bowl was a average #72 size ( 1 3/4 inches tall) the pipe was barley 5 inches long, along with a small diameter oval shank and stem. 100_2416 (640x439).jpg100_2412 (640x373).jpg

Talk about light and comfortable! The pipe barely weights anything.

Only thing I did to the pipe was give a good dusting, a wipe down with mineral oil  and a very light sanding on the stem with some fine grit paper.100_2420 (640x480).jpg

After that a light buff on the stem and a coat of fresh wax over the whole pipe.100_2422 (640x440).jpg100_2432 (640x480).jpg

The Heritage Antique is now ready for some service.1.jpg

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For size comparison here is the heritage #72 next to one of my KB&B Yello-Bole standard size #72 Canadian’s.100_2466 (640x440).jpg

I did give the bowl a thin honey and carbon coat to aid in breaking in before smoking some C&D burley in it.10.jpg

I’m on about the tenth bowl so far and its breaking in really well. Again it is very light and comfortable. This is the lightest Canadian I own now and is quickly becoming my most favorite one. Its just needs a bit more breaking in too really make it a top smoker.

Until  Next Time ,

Good Smokes To You.

 

 


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A Rare Shank Logo KB&B Yello-Bole Sandblast Imperial #3751

A couple of weeks ago I was browsing through Etsy, just looking around and I stumbled on this 1930’s shank logo sandblast. il_570xN.1205129852_ofec (570x342).jpg

I was just floored by it and knew I needed this one badly! The stamping’s just made me to want it more.il_570xN.1252354947_9szu (570x342).jpg

Not only did it look to be in excellent original condition but it has about every bell and whistle on it for me. A top of the line Yello-Bole Imperial to start with. Not only is it a rare pre- war sandblast. It has a rare  shank logo and a unknown 37 pre-fix number. It is also a shape 51 which is one of my favorite Kaywoodie/Yello-Bole shape’s. I have looked at 100’s of pre-war  Yello-Boles and have only seen three sandblast ones (including this one). This is the only shank logo of the three. Very rare indeed. The other two sandblast had a prefix of 27. Looking up the 37 I could not find it.

27 prefix is…………27    KB&B Yello-Bole, sandblast finish, push tenon, black vulcanite stem (1932-1940’s)

Either it was mis-stamped 37 instead of 27 or its a unknown pre-fix number, I am thinking it was most likely mis-stamped. I will add it to the pre-fix thread on the Kaywoodie Forum just in case and for future reference.

The 51 of 3751 of course is the shape number…..51   Medium billiard, short stem 1932-1966.

Shank logos were not used after 1939 so the pipe dates from between 1932-1939.

I contacted the seller and asked him about the pipe. He sent me a response.

“The pipe is immaculate, considering it’s age. It has been smoked,as there is a thin layer of carbon lining the bowl, but I have to assume at some point it was a collector’s pipe. There’s also a very slight hint of underlying oxidation on the stem. But considering the overall condition of this pipe, I wasn’t willing to mess with it.”

I wish more pipe sellers took this attitude! Too many rare pipes are a over buffed mess by people more worried about making them shiny instead of preserving them.

We have had a regular correspondence since then and have talked quite a bit about pipes. His name is Darryl and owns NorthShorePipes , check it out sometime he has some nice pipes for sale.

https://www.etsy.com/shop/NorthShorePipes

Or his web store

https://northshorepipes.com/

The pipe arrived and I was not disappointed.100_2294 (640x356).jpg

It did have some oxidation as Darryl told me but the stem was in perfect shape.100_2297 (640x387).jpg

It also has the early metal tenon with screw in stinger.100_2298 (640x512).jpg

First thing  I checked to see if the stinger would unscrew. It would not, so I gave a good soak in alcohol.100_2301 (640x368).jpg

After a couple of hours I dried off the stem and heated the stinger and got it to unscrew. I don’t think the stinger has ever been removed from the pipe.100_2303 (640x480).jpg

I put back in for another soak so I could clean up the male and female threads.100_2308 (640x470).jpg

I gave the shank a good scrub with a brush and alcohol to remove any lingering tobacco residue.100_2314 (640x422).jpg

I pulled out the stem and stinger after a couple more hours in the alcohol. I scrubbed the female and male threads with brushes.100_2316 (640x407).jpg

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The stem is ready for a Oxy Clean and warm water soak to remove the oxidation.100_2321 (640x480).jpg

I pulled it out every so often and scrubbed it with a piece of Scotch Brite pad.100_2325 (640x480).jpg

I gave it a light sanding with 1800-2800 grit.100_2331 (640x480).jpg

I cleaned up the stinger and tenon 000 steel wool. I also ran some of it in female threads in the tenon.100_2333 (640x378).jpg

After a good wipe down with mineral oil the pipe is ready for some light buffing.100_2341 (640x404).jpg

I went over stem lightly with brown and white tripoli before waxing.100_2344 (640x379).jpg

I mixed up a batch f my homemade Yello- Bole coating but had a hard time getting to it to stick on the walls of the bowl so instead of stripping out the inner bowl I just gave it a carbon bowl coating. I used honey instead of syrup to keep it inline with the Yello- Bole original Honey Cured bowl coating.100_2351 (640x471).jpg

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Finished KB&B Yello-Bole Imperial #3751.

I used a original Imperial bowl foil plug  for the finished pictures that I got from a previous NOS pipe. 1.jpg

I also have a Yello-Bole box that I been saving for the right pipe. This will be its new home from now on when its not being smoked.2.jpg3.jpg

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3751 with Yello -Bole box , Yello-Bole tobacco pouch and pipe tool.12.jpg

Here is a picture of the 3751 with my also rare Kaywoodie 5651 Shellcraft meer lined from my previous blog post. Both are 51 shape four digits and made around the same time in the 1930’s.13.jpg

I have ran a couple of bowls in the 3751 so far and it is a excellent smoking pipe I am very happy about finding and being able to smoke a four digit Yello-Bole sandblast finally. It will be a centerpiece in my KBB Yello-Bole collection.

Until Next Time,

Good Smokes To You